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Excerpt from Forty Hadith

Excerpt from Forty Hadith

Forty Hadith
Excerpt From Imam Nawawi’s Forty Hadith (translated by Abdussamad Clarke)
Ahadith 1-10

First Hadith

From the Amir al-Muminin Abu Hafs ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, saying, ‘Actions are only by intentions, and every man has only that which he intended. Whoever’s emigration is for Allah and His Messenger then his emigration is for Allah and His Messenger. Whoever’s emigration is for some worldly gain which he can acquire or a woman he will marry then his emi- gration is for that for which he emigrated’.” The two Imams of the hadith scholars narrated it – Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Isma’il ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Mughirah ibn Bardizbah al-Bukhari and Abu’l-Husein Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj ibn Muslim al-Qushayri an-Naysaburi – in their two sahih books which are the most sahih books compiled.

Second Hadith

Also from ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, there is that he said, “While we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, one day a man came up to us whose clothes were extremely white, whose hair was extremely black, upon whom traces of travelling could not be seen, and whom none of us knew, until he sat down close to the Prophet, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, so that he rested his knees upon his knees and placed his two hands upon his thighs and said, ‘Muhammad, tell me about Islam.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, said, ‘Islam is that you witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and you establish the prayer, and you give the Zakat, and you fast Ramadan, and you perform the Hajj of the House if you are able to take a way to it.’ He said, ‘You have told the truth,’ and we were amazed at him asking him and [then] telling him that he told the truth. He said, ‘Tell me about Iman.’ He said, ‘That you affirm Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day, and that you affirm the Decree, the good of it and the bad of it.’ He said, ‘You have told the truth.’ He said, ‘Tell me about Ihsan.’ He said, ‘That you worship Allah as if you see Him, for if you don’t see Him then truly He sees you.’ He said, ‘Tell me about the Hour.’ He said, ‘The one asked about it knows no more than the one asking.’ He said, ‘Then tell me about its signs.’ He said, ‘That the female slave should give birth to her mistress, and you see poor, naked, barefoot shepherds of sheep and goats competing in raising buildings.’ He went away, and I remained some time. Then he said, ‘Umar, do you know who the questioner was?’ I said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘He was Jibril who came to you to teach you your deen’.” Muslim narrated it.

Third Hadith

From Abu ‘Abd ar-Rahman ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, say, ‘Islam is built on five: witnessing that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establishment of the prayer, payment of Zakat, Hajj of the House, and the fast of Ramadan’.” Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated it.

Fourth Hadith

From Abu ‘Abd ar-Rahman ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, told us – and he is the truthful one who is confirmed, – ‘Any one of you, his creation is gathered in the belly of his mother for forty days as a drop, then later he will be a blood clot for the like of that, then later he is a morsel of flesh for the like of that. Then the angel is sent to him and breathes the spirit into him, and he is com- manded with four words: with writing his provision, his life- span, his action, and whether he is happy or grievous. By Allah the One other than whom there is no god, one of you will do the actions of the people of the Garden until there is only a cubit between him and it, then the decree will overtake him, he will do the actions of the people of the Fire and thus enter it. One of you will do the actions of the people of the Fire until there only remains a cubit between him and it, then the decree will overtake him, he will do the actions of the people of the Garden and so enter it’.” Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated it. 

Fifth Hadith

From the Mother of the Believers, Umm ‘Abdullah ‘A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, there is that she said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, said, ‘Whoever introduces into this affair of ours that which is not of it, then it is rejected’.” Al-Bukhari and Muslim related it, and in a narration of Muslim’s there is, “Whoever does an act for which there is no command of ours then it is rejected.”

Sixth Hadith

From Abu ‘Abdullah an-Nu’man ibn Bashir, may Allah be pleased with both of them, that he said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, saying, ‘The halal is clear and the haram is clear and in between them are ambivalent matters which many people do not know. Whoever guards himself against ambivalent matters has secured his deen and his honour. Whoever falls into am- bivalent matters will fall into the haram, like the shepherd who shepherds [his flock] around forbidden pasturage, he is certain to pasture [his flock] in it. Certainly, every king has his forbidden pasturage. Certainly, Allah’s forbidden pasturage is the things he has forbidden. Certainly in the body there is a lump of flesh which when it is sound the whole body is sound and when it is corrupt the whole body is corrupt. Certainly it is the heart’.” Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated it.

Seventh Hadith

From Abu Ruqayyah Tamim ibn Aws ad-Dari, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, said, “The deen is sincerity.” We said, “For whom?” He said, “For Allah, His Book, His Messenger, the leaders of the Muslims and their generality.” Muslim narrated it.

Eighth Hadith

From Ibn ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with both of them, there is that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, said, “I have been commanded to fight people until they witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and they establish the prayer and pay the Zakat. Then if they do that they are safe from me with respect to their blood and their property except for the right of Islam, and their reckoning is up to Allah, exalted is He.” Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated it.

Ninth Hadith

From Abu Hurairah ‘Abd ar-Rahman ibn Sakhr, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, saying, “That which I forbid you, avoid it, and that which I command you, do of it that which you are able, for the only thing that destroyed the ones who were before you was their great numbers of questions and their disagreements with their prophets.” Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated it.

Tenth Hadith

From Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, there is that he said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless with him and grant him peace, said, ‘Allah, exalted is He, is pure and only accepts that which is pure. Allah ordered the believers with that with which he ordered the Messengers, and He said, exalted is He, “You Messengers eat of the pure things and do right action” and He said, exalted is He, “You who believe eat of the pure things with which We have provided you”,’ and then he mentioned a dishevelled dusty man lengthening his journey and stretching out his hands to the sky, ‘Lord, Lord!’ and his food is haram, his drink haram, his clothing haram, he has been fed on the haram, so how can he be answered?” Muslim narrated it.