Norwich, UK
+44 (0)330 088 0634
office@olympicsprintbusiness.com

JAʿFAR IBN ʿALĪ AL-DIMASHQĪ ON COMMUNITY, MONEY, AND PRUDENT MANAGEMENT IN TRADING AND SPENDING:

JAʿFAR IBN ʿALĪ AL-DIMASHQĪ ON COMMUNITY, MONEY, AND PRUDENT MANAGEMENT IN TRADING AND SPENDING:

FOUR EXCERPTS FROM HIS KITĀB AL-ISHĀRAT ILĀ MAḤĀSIN AL-TIJĀRAT

translated and transcribed by Adi Setia